この節の作者: Rebecca Vederhus, Sebastian Jentschke

From SPSS to jamovi: Correlation

This comparison shows how a Pearson’s correlation is conducted in SPSS and jamovi. The SPSS test follows the description in chapter 8.4.1-8.4.2 in Field (2017), especially figure 8.7-8.8 and output 8.1. It uses the data set Exam Anxiety.sav which can be downloaded from the web page accompanying the book.

SPSS

jamovi

In SPSS you can run a correlation using: AnalyzeCorrelateBivariate.

In jamovi you do this using: AnalysesRegressionCorrelation Matrix.

SPSS_Menu_corr1

jamovi_Menu_corr1

In SPSS, move the variables Revise, Exam and Anxiety to the variable box Variables. In addition, make sure the box called Pearson under Correlation Coefficients is ticked.

In jamovi, move the variables Revise, Exam and Anxiety into the box on the right. Check Pearson under Correlation Coefficients and Report significance, Flag significant correlations and N under Additional Options.

SPSS_Input_corr1

jamovi_Input_corr1

The results are essentially the same in SPSS and in jamovi.

SPSS_Output_corr1

jamovi_Output_corr1

In SPSS, you can tell if a correlation is significant by noting the amount of asterisks after the correlation coefficient. The correlation matrix shows the correlation coefficient, the p-value, and the sample size (N).

jamovi, in accordance with APA-style, flags significant correlations using one (p < .05), two (p < .01) or three (p < .001) asterisks. In contrast, in SPSS all correlations above p < .01 level are simply marked using two instead of three asterisks.

In SPSS, Pearson’s r is found both underneath and over the diagonal, while in jamovi the coefficient is only shown underneath. This makes it much easier to find relevant information from the output in jamovi. The numerical values for the statistics are identical: r = 0.40, p < .001; r = -0.71, p < .001; r = -0.44, p < .001.

If you wish to replicate those analyses using syntax, you can use the commands below (in jamovi, just copy to code below to Rj). Alternatively, you can download the SPSS output files and the jamovi files with the analyses from below the syntax.

CORRELATIONS
  /VARIABLES=Revise Exam Anxiety
  /PRINT=TWOTAIL NOSIG FULL
  /MISSING=PAIRWISE.
jmv::corrMatrix(
    data = data,
    vars = vars(Revise, Exam, Anxiety),
    flag = TRUE,
    n = TRUE,
    plotDens = TRUE,
    plotStats = TRUE)

SPSS output file containing the analyses

jamovi file containing the analyses

References
Field, A. (2017). Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS statistics (5th ed.). SAGE Publications. https://edge.sagepub.com/field5e